Nutrition – Biobow

 

Vitamins and minerals are essential to helping our bodies develop and function as they should. While most people get all of what’s recommended by eating healthy, others need a little extra nutrient boost. That’s why our natural healthy supplements come in providing you with the support your body needs to stay healthy.

What are vitamins?

All micronutrients are the vitamins and minerals found in food that nourish our bodies and help keep us healthy and fit. They are essential to overall health.

Choosing the right foods each day that are rich in vitamins and minerals is essential for our bodies to stay healthy. However, researchers consistently finds that most American people don’t get enough vitamins and minerals in their diets. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), adult Americans do not get enough of the following esential nutrients:

Calcium
Potassium
Fiber
Magnesium
Vitamins A, C, D, and E

What do vitamins do?

Try to include more of these nutrients into your daily food. If you are unable to get all the nutrients you need from food alone, dietary supplements can be an alternative.

Below the most important micronutrients:

Calcium
Your body needs calcium to build strong bones and teeth.As an adult, you need calcium to maintain bone mass. According to the USDA, the average American adult (eating roughly 2,000 calories per day) should get 1,136 milligrams of calcium daily..

Potassium
A rich diet in potassium helps our bodies maintain healthy blood pressure. The USDA recommends that the average American consume 4,044 milligrams of potassium daily.

Magnesium
Magnesium is a nutrient that helps body produce energy and helps muscles, arteries, and heart work properly. According to the USDA, the average American adult should get 380 milligrams of magnesium daily.

Vitamin A
Vitamin A is linked with the vision development and the cellular growth and maintenance. Adults should get 700-900 micrograms of Vitamin daily.

Vitamin C
Vitamin C helps body form collagen (which is the main protein used as connective tissue in the body) in blood vessels, bones, cartilage, and muscle. Adults should get 65-90 milligrams of Vitamin C daily.

Vitamin D
Our bodies need vitamin D that absorb calcium to promote bone growth and maintain strong bones and teeth. The average adult needs 600 International Units (IU) of vitamin D daily. Older adults (ages 70 and older) need 800 IU each day. Most people get some level of vitamin D through exposure to sunlight. However, using sunscreen will decrease your exposure to vitamin D.

It is also difficult to get enough vitamin D through diet alone because there are not a lot of food choices rich in vitamin D. In fact, some primary food sources of vitamin D come from foods that have added vitamin D (called fortified foods).

Vitamin E
Vitamin E is an antioxidant, which is a nutrient that helps fight damage to the cells in the body. Adults need 15 milligrams of vitamin E daily.

How many vitamins are there?

Vitamins help the body grow and work the way it should. There are 13 essential vitamins: vitamins A, C, D, E, K, and the B vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, B6, B12, and folate). Vitamins have different functions to help keep body working properly.

What are minerals nutrition?

Minerals are elements on the earth and in foods that our bodies need to develop and function normally. Those essential for health include calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, chloride, magnesium, iron, zinc, iodine, chromium, copper, fluoride, molybdenum, manganese, and selenium

What are minerals nutrition does for our body?

Minerals are important for the body to stay healthy. Your body uses minerals for many different jobs, including keeping the bones, muscles, heart, and brain working properly. Minerals are also important for making enzymes and hormones. There are two kinds of minerals: macrominerals and trace minerals.

Is sodium a mineral?

Sodium is both an electrolyte and mineral. It helps keep the water (the amount of fluid inside and outside the body’s cells) and electrolyte balance of the body. Sodium is also important in how nerves and muscles work.

What vitamins are in multivitamins?

Multivitamins are a type of supplement that contains a variety of minerals and vitamins. The nutrients in multivitamins vary between brands and products.

Vitamins commonly found in multivitamins include:

Vitamin A
B vitamins — like folic acid and vitamin 12
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K

Minerals commonly found in multivitamins include:

Calcium
Iodine
Iron
Magnesium
Manganese
Molybdenum
Selenium
Zinc
In addition to vitamins and minerals, multivitamins might also contain things like herbs, amino acids, and fatty acids.

Malnutrition

Vitamin and minerals are essential for bodily functions such as helping to fight infection, aid wound healing, make our bones strong, and regulate hormones.They keep us healthy and help our bodies function.

The following list of diseases caused by malnutrition:

Kwashiorkor
This is one of the most acute malnutrition of proteins in the world. Other symptoms of this disease are the distended abdomen, enlarged liver, thinning of the hair and coarse hair texture, easily dislodged teeth, and dermatitis.

Marasmus

This disease is caused by a very severe lack of protein and calories. Common in children. In marasmus condition, bodyweight is 80% lower than a normal weight should be so that one’s body looks thin. Muscle thinning, dry and scaly skin and loose skin are other symptoms of marasmus.

Anemia

The most common illness is caused by malnutrition. Although it can be triggered by many factors, one of the main reasons for the occurrence of anemia is iron and vitamin B12 deficiency. Sufferers may experience shortness of breath, fatigue, pallor, and other symptoms that indicate low hemoglobin.

Mumps

Caused by iodine deficiency in food. The typical symptom is swelling of the thyroid gland. Other symptoms are lethargy, weakness, low metabolic rate, increased susceptibility to cold, and others.

Vitamin Deficiency

Vitamin A.

May result in night blindness, permanent blindness and is particularly susceptible to infections, appetite disorder, dry and rough skin, hair damage, difficulty in wound healing, and so on.

Vitamin B1.

Patients will experience lethargy, decreased appetite, and mental depression. The disease due to thiamine deficiency is called beriberi. The disease is caused by foods rich in carbohydrates but low in thiamine.

Vitamin B2.

Vitamin B2 or riboflavin deficiency is usually associated with less protein and energy. Riboflavin deficiency symptoms include sore throat with swelling and redness of the mouth, cheilosis, stomatitis, glossitis, dermatitis, and others.

Vitamin B12.

Characterized by symptoms such as tingling of the tongue, anemia, white spots on the skin, mouth sores, shortness of breath, migraine-like headaches, and others.

Vitamin C.

Vitamin C deficiency causes a condition known as scurvy. The disease is characterized by symptoms such as bleeding gums, very long wound healing, skin spots, and increased susceptibility to infection.

Vitamin D.

Vitamin D deficiency usually occurs due to lack of calcium intake and sun exposure. Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency lead to a disturbed bone formation, so the bones become very soft as in osteomalacia and osteoporosis.

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